CORTONA

 

An encounter with Cortona is an encounter with art, with history and with spirituality. Getting to know this timeless city is a real rediscovery of our past. Cortona offers testimony to its history as well as an enchanting view of the landscape enclosed by Lake Trasimeno and the Appenines.

"Cortona has a picturesque aspect, quite a bit longer than wide, turned toward the midday sun. Her district is fertile and is abundant with all that is necessary to human life. It is Cortona marked by the Meridian-Antartic star sign, feminine, in motion, pungent, earthy, frigid and dry and under the noble reign of..."

After nearly four hundred years that description is still valid. Cortona has changed very little in its urban make up, it remains there- framed in the center of a triangle which has for its corners three of the cities of Central Italy which are most rich in history and art works, Arezzo, Siena and Perugia.

The tombes discovered in the campaign below are numerous. Anyway the most famous is the Tanella di Pitagora, the Melone di Camucia and the Hard one. The reports conserved in the museum of the Etruscan Academy in palazzo Casali , between which the famous Etruscan chandelier of the V century b.C.. On the top of the hill the fortress dominates. Under it the reconstructed Sanctuary of Margherita Saint, from which they degrade the steep ways to the stones of the city degrades.

Of great importance is the civil architecture with many of the medioevali and renaissances palaces. The numerous churches are splendid, from that Roman-gotic of S. Agostino and S. Francesco, to the Renaissance jewels of Santa Maria delle grazie( Calcinaio )and of Santa Maria Nova, to the silent church of S. Niccolò. Cortona was native land of the painters Luca Signorelli and Pietro Berrettini, famous here like Pietro from Cortona. Gino Severini was born in Cortona, too. Exceptional is the pictorial patrimony of this city of art conserved in the Diocesano museum between which stands the "Annunciazione del Beato Angelico"

The foundation of the city is lost in the fog of numerous legends of which there are traces going back to the classical era. These legends were elaborated upon and notably took shape in the late part of the Renaissance period under the rule of Cosimo the First (1537-1574). Despite opposition, he set up a plan to achieve the following goals:
- In regards to the Florentine ruling class: to enhance the image of the Tuscan territory as ancient Etruria not only for the antiquity of all its most famous cities which dated back to roots of civilization immediately following the Great Flood, but with the aim of obtaining for the the territory and for the city the recognition of a Grand Duchy and the title of Grand Duke for Cosimo. This was granted by Pope Pius V in 1570-
- In regards to the Cortonese ruling class: to enhance the image of the city by presenting it as the most noble and ancient among the cities of Tuscany, which had enjoyed an autonomous social structure from the time of the Etruscan lucomonia until it was transformed into the free Comune of Medieval times. Placed in the context of that time, in which the relationship with the "Signori" of Florence who had taken over Cortona was bitter, this research into the myths and legends particularly of those Etruscan gave an opportunity to the ruling Cortonese to reclaim some of the city's autonomy.

Cortona
Centro Storico

Le celle
Convento Francescano "Le Celle"

Beato Angelico
"L'Annunciazione", Beato Angelico


Palazzo Comunale, XII sec.

Cortona
Collina Cortonese

 

La Corte Etrusca - Loc. Monsigliolo, 1138 - 52044 Cortona (Ar) - Welcome visitator n°